# Comparison of correlation coefficients

Command: | Tests Comparison of correlation coefficients |

## Description

Calculates the statistical significance of the difference between two **independent correlation coefficients**.

This test is not performed on data in the spreadsheet, but on statistics you enter in a dialog box.

## Required input

In the dialog box enter the correlation coefficients and the corresponding number of cases. Next click Test to calculate the statistical significance of the difference between the two correlation coefficients.

## Results

When the P-value is less than 0.05, the conclusion is that the two coefficients are significantly different.

In the example a correlation coefficient of 0.86 (sample size = 42) is compared with a correlation coefficient of 0.62 (sample size = 42). The resulting z-statistic is 2.5097, which is associated with a P-value of 0.0121. Since this P-value is less than 0.05, it is concluded that the two correlation coefficients differ significantly.

In the *Comment* input field you can enter a comment or conclusion that will be included on the printed report.

## Computational details

The test used by MedCalc is a *z*-test on Fisher *z*-transformed correlation coefficients (Hinkel et al, 1988).

- In a first step, the correlation coefficients
*r*are transformed using Fisher*z*transformation:$$ z_r = {1 \over 2}\ln\left({1+r \over 1-r}\right) $$ - The standard error of the difference is: $$ se_{z_{r_1} - z_{r_2}} = \sqrt { \frac {1}{n1-3} + \frac{1}{n2-3} } $$
- The test statistic
*z*is given by:$$ z = \frac {z_{r_1} - z_{r_2}}{se_{z_{r_1} - z_{r_2}}} $$For critical values of*z*, see Values of the Normal distribution.

## Literature

- Hinkle DE, Wiersma W, Jurs SG (1988) Applied statistics for the behavioral sciences. 2
^{nd}ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

## Recommended book

## Applied Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences

Dennis E. Hinkle, William Wiersma, Stephen G. Jurs

Buy from Amazon US - CA - UK - DE - FR - ES - IT

This introductory text provides students with a conceptual understanding of basic statistical procedures, as well as the computational skills needed to complete them. The clear presentation, accessible language, and step-by-step instruction make it easy for students from a variety of social science disciplines to grasp the material. The scenarios presented in chapter exercises span the curriculum, from political science to marketing, so that students make a connection between their own area of interest and the study of statistics. Unique coverage focuses on concepts critical to understanding current statistical research such as power and sample size, multiple comparison tests, multiple regression, and analysis of covariance. Additional SPSS coverage throughout the text includes computer printouts and expanded discussion of their contents in interpreting the results of sample exercises.