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A selection of essential statistical books

Essentials of Medical Statistics
Betty Kirkwood, Jonathan Sterne

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Essential Medical Statistics is a classic amongst medical statisticians. An introductory textbook, it presents statistics with a clarity and logic that demystifies the subject, while providing a comprehensive coverage of advanced as well as basic methods.

The second edition of Essential Medical Statistics has been comprehensively revised and updated to include modern statistical methods and modern approaches to statistical analysis, while retaining the approachable and non-mathematical style of the first edition. The book now includes full coverage of the most commonly used regression models, multiple linear regression, logistic regression, Poisson regression and Cox regression, as well as a chapter on general issues in regression modelling. In addition, new chapters introduce more advanced topics such as meta-analysis, likelihood, bootstrapping and robust standard errors, and analysis of clustered data.

An Introduction to Medical Statistics
Martin Bland

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This textbook is intended for medical researchers and includes the design of clinical trials and epidemiological studies, data collection, summarizing and presenting data, probability, standard error, confidence intervals and significance tests, techniques of data analysis including multifactorial methods and the choice of statistical method, problems of medical measurement and diagnosis, vital statistics, and calculation of sample size.

Clinical Trials: A Practical Approach
Stuart J. Pocock

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This comprehensive, unified text on the principles and practice of clinical trials presents a detailed account of how to conduct the trials. It describes the design, analysis, and interpretation of clinical trials in a non-technical manner and provides a general perspective on their historical development, current status, and future strategy. Features examples derived from the author's personal experience.

Statistical Methods in Medical Research
Peter Armitage, Geoffrey Berry, J. N. S. Matthews

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Although more comprehensive and mathematical than the books by Douglas Altman and Martin Bland, "Statistical Methods in Medical Research" presents statistical techniques frequently used in medical research in an understandable format.

Statistics in Epidemiology: Methods, Techniques and Applications
Hardeo Sahai, Anwer Khurshid

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Epidemiologic studies provide research strategies for investigating public health and scientific questions relating to the factors that cause and prevent ailments in human populations. Statistics in Epidemiology: Methods, Techniques and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the wide range of principles, methods and techniques underlying prospective, retrospective and cross-sectional approaches to epidemiologic studies. Written for epidemiologists and other researchers without extensive backgrounds in statistics, this new book provides a clear and concise description of the statistical tools used in epidemiology. Emphasis is given to the application of these statistical tools, and examples are provided to illustrate direct methods for applying common statistical techniques in order to obtain solutions to problems.

Statistics in Epidemiology: Methods, Techniques and Applications goes beyond the elementary material found in basic epidemiology and biostatistics books and provides a detailed account of technique.

Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them)
Phillip I. Good, James W. Hardin

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This book addresses popular mistakes often made in data collection and provides an indispensable guide to accurate statistical analysis and reporting. The authors' emphasis on careful practice, combined with a focus on the development of solutions, reveals the true value of statistics when applied correctly in any area of research.

Statistics for Veterinary and Animal Science
Aviva Petrie & Paul Watson

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Statistics for Veterinary and Animal Science is an introductory text which assumes no previous knowledge of statistics. It starts with very basic methodology and builds on it to encompass some of the more advanced techniques that are currently used. This book will enable you to handle numerical data and critically appraise the veterinary and animal science literature. Written in a non-mathematical way, the emphasis is on understanding the underlying concepts and correctly interpreting computer output, and not on working through mathematical formulae.

Principles of Biostatistics
M Pagano, K Gauvreau

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Principles of Biostatistics is aimed at students in the biological and health sciences who wish to learn modern research methods.

The book is divided into three parts. The first five chapters deal with collections of numbers and ways in which to summarize, explore, and explain them. The next two chapters focus on probability and introduce the tools needed for the subsequent investigation of uncertainty. It is only in the eighth chapter and thereafter that the authors distinguish between populations and samples and begin to investigate the inherent variability introduced by sampling, thus progressing to inference. Postponing the slightly more difficult concepts until a solid foundation has been established makes it easier for the reader to comprehend them.

Statistics with Confidence: Confidence Intervals and Statistical Guidelines
Altman DG, Machin D, Bryant TN, Gardner MJ (Eds)

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This introduction to confidence intervals has been updated and expanded to include methods for using confidence intervals, with illustrative worked examples and extensive guidelines and checklists to help the novice. There are six new chapters on areas such as diagnostic studies and meta-analyses.

Practical Nonparametric Statistics
W. J. Conover

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This classic text and reference book is intended mainly for one-semester advanced undergraduate and undergrad/graduate introductory courses in nonparametric (or distribution free) statistics. The book will also appeal to applied research workers as a quick reference to the most useful nonparametric methods.

Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions
Joseph L. Fleiss, Bruce Levin, Myunghee Cho Paik

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Statistical Methods for Meta-Analysis
Larry V. Hedges, Ingram Olkin

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The main purpose of this book is to address the statistical issues for integrating independent studies. There exist a number of papers and books that discuss the mechanics of collecting, coding, and preparing data for a meta-analysis, but this book does not deal with these.

Because this book concerns methodology, the content necessarily is statistical, and at times mathematical. In order to make the material accessible to a wider audience, we have not provided proofs in the text. Where proofs are given, they are placed as commentary at the end of a chapter. These can be omitted at the discretion of the reader.

Throughout the book we describe computational procedures whenever required. Many computations can be completed on a hand calculator, whereas some require the use of a standard statistical package.

Statistical Methods in Diagnostic Medicine
Xiao-Hua Zhou, Nancy A. Obuchowski, Donna K. McClish

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Statistical Methods in Diagnostic Medicine provides a comprehensive approach to the topic, guiding readers through the necessary practices for understanding these studies and generalizing the results to patient populations.

Following a basic introduction to measuring test accuracy and study design, the authors successfully define various measures of diagnostic accuracy, describe strategies for designing diagnostic accuracy studies, and present key statistical methods for estimating and comparing test accuracy.

Applied Linear Statistical Models
MH Kutner, CJ Nachtsheim, J Neter, W Li

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Linear statistical models for regression, analysis of variance, and experimental design are widely used today in business administration, economics, engineering, and the social, health, and biological sciences. Successful applications of these models require a sound understanding of both the underlying theory and the practical problems that are encountered in using the models in real-life situations. While Applied linear Statistical Models is basically an applied book, it seeks to blend theory and applications effectively, avoiding the extremes of presenting theory in isolation and of giving elements of applications without the needed understanding of the theoretical foundations.

Sample Size Tables for Clinical Studies
David Machin, Michael J. Campbell, Say-Beng Tan, Sze-Huey Tan

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Sample Sizes for Clinical, Laboratory and Epidemiology Studies includes the sample size software (SSS) and formulae and numerical tables needed to design valid clinical studies. The text covers clinical as well as laboratory and epidemiology studies and contains the information needed to ensure a study will form a valid contribution to medical research.

The authors, noted experts in the field, explain step by step and explore the wide range of considerations necessary to assist investigational teams when deriving an appropriate sample size for their when planned study. The book contains sets of sample size tables with companion explanations and clear worked out examples based on real data. In addition, the text offers bibliography and references sections that are designed to be helpful with guidance on the principles discussed.

Logistic Regression: A Primer
F.C. Pampel

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Pampel's book offers readers the first "nuts and bolts" approach to doing logistic regression through the use of careful explanations and worked out examples. This book will enable readers to use and understand logistic regression techniques and will serve as a foundation for more advanced treatments of the topic.

Practical Statistics for Medical Research
Douglas G. Altman

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This book is primarily aimed at medical researchers who wish to understand the principles of the design and analysis of research. The book aims to provide an understanding of the basic principles that underlie research design, data analysis and the interpretation of results and to enable the reader to carry out a wide range of statistical analyses. The emphasis is on the practical aspects of the design and analysis of medical research and attention is paid to the interpretation and presentation of results.

Analysis of Covariance
Wildt, Ahtola

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This book presents a technique for analyzing the effects of variables, groups, and treatments in both experimental and observational settings. It considers not only the main effects of one variable upon another, but also the effects of group cases.

ANOVA: Repeated Measures
Ellen R. Girden

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Focusing on situations in which analysis of variance (ANOVA) involving the repeated measurement of separate groups of individuals is needed, Girden reveals the advantages, disadvantages, and counterbalancing issues of repeated measures situations. Using additive and nonadditive models to guide the analysis in each chapter, the book covers such topics as the rationale for partitioning the sum of squares, detailed analyses to facilitate the interpretation of computer printouts, the rationale for the F ratios in terms of expected means squares, validity assumptions for sphericity or circularity and approximate tests to perform when sphericity is not met.

Primer of Applied Regression & Analysis of Variance.
Glantz, Stanton, Slinker, Bryan

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Primer of Applied Regression & Analysis of Variance is a textbook especially created for medical, public health, and social and environmental science students who need applied (not theoretical) training in the use of statistical methods. The book has been acclaimed for its user-friendly style that makes complicated material understandable to readers who do not have an extensive math background.

The text is packed with learning aids that include chapter-ending summaries and end-of-chapter problems that quickly assess mastery of the material. Examples from biological and health sciences are included to clarify and illustrate key points. The techniques discussed apply to a wide range of disciplines, including social and behavioral science as well as health and life sciences. Typical courses that would use this text include those that cover multiple linear regression and ANOVA.

Applied Logistic Regression
David W. Hosmer Jr., Stanley Lemeshow, Rodney X. Sturdivant

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Applied Logistic Regression emphasizes applications in the health sciences and handpicks topics that best suit the use of modern statistical software. The book provides readers with state-of-the-art techniques for building, interpreting, and assessing the performance of LR models.

This book is a must-have guide for professionals and researchers who need to model nominal or ordinal scaled outcome variables in public health, medicine, and the social sciences as well as a wide range of other fields and disciplines.

Applied Logistic Regression Analysis
Scott Menard

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The focus in this book is on logistic regression models for individual level data, but aggregate or grouped data are also considered. The book includes detailed discussions of goodness of fit, indices of predictive efficiency, and standardized logistic regression coefficients. The book contains a discussion of the properties and appropriate use of goodness of fit measures, R-square analogues, and indices of predictive efficiency, and a discussion of the misuse of odds ratios to represent risk ratios, and of over-dispersion and under-dispersion for grouped data.

Exploratory Data Analysis
John W. Tukey

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The approach in this introductory book is that of informal study of the data. Methods range from plotting picture-drawing techniques to rather elaborate numerical summaries. Several of the methods are the original creations of the author, and all can be carried out either with pencil or aided by hand-held calculator.

Applied Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences
Dennis E. Hinkle, William Wiersma, Stephen G. Jurs

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This introductory text provides students with a conceptual understanding of basic statistical procedures, as well as the computational skills needed to complete them. The clear presentation, accessible language, and step-by-step instruction make it easy for students from a variety of social science disciplines to grasp the material. The scenarios presented in chapter exercises span the curriculum, from political science to marketing, so that students make a connection between their own area of interest and the study of statistics. Unique coverage focuses on concepts critical to understanding current statistical research such as power and sample size, multiple comparison tests, multiple regression, and analysis of covariance. Additional SPSS coverage throughout the text includes computer printouts and expanded discussion of their contents in interpreting the results of sample exercises.

Introduction to Meta-Analysis
Michael Borenstein, Larry V. Hedges, Julian P. T. Higgins, Hannah R. Rothstein

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This book provides a clear and thorough introduction to meta-analysis, the process of synthesizing data from a series of separate studies. Meta-analysis has become a critically important tool in fields as diverse as medicine, pharmacology, epidemiology, education, psychology, business, and ecology.

Survival Analysis: Techniques for Censored and Truncated Data
John P. Klein, Melvin L. Moeschberger

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The analysis of survival experiments is complicated by issues of censoring, where an individual's life length is known to occur only in a certain period of time, and by truncation, where individuals enter the study only if they survive a sufficient length of time or individuals are included in the study only if the event has occurred by a given date. The use of counting process methodology has allowed for substantial advances in the statistical theory to account for censoring and truncation in survival experiments. This book makes these complex methods more accessible to applied researchers without an advanced mathematical background. The authors present the essence of these techniques, as well as classical techniques not based on counting processes, and apply them to data. Practical suggestions for implementing the various methods are set off in a series of Practical Notes at the end of each section. Technical details of the derivation of the techniques are sketched in a series of Technical Notes. This book will be useful for investigators who need to analyze censored or truncated life time data, and as a textbook for a graduate course in survival analysis. The prerequisite is a standard course in statistical methodology.

An Introduction to the Bootstrap
Bradley Efron, R.J. Tibshirani

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Statistics is a subject of many uses and surprisingly few effective practitioners. The traditional road to statistical knowledge is blocked, for most, by a formidable wall of mathematics. The approach in An Introduction to the Bootstrap avoids that wall. It arms scientists and engineers, as well as statisticians, with the computational techniques they need to analyze and understand complicated data sets.